Did you know that individuals are more likely to promote and hire people who look like them? This is called implicit bias, the way that people unintentionally exhibit preferences for one group over another (often without even realizing they are doing it) and it stops many organizations from building out the kind of diverse and inclusive talent pipelines that they aspire to have.
Today 3 out of 4 C suite executives are male In 2019, more CEO jobs at top companies in the US went to men named Jeffrey than to women Workplace equity is the top driver of job satisfaction among professional women. Research from the Kellogg School of Business at Northwestern University found that the hiring decisions at 40 top financial and law firms had more to do with the interviewer’s similarity to the candidate than the candidate’s qualifications.
Since women and people of color are often underrepresented at senior levels, this affinity bias risks entrenching existing gaps in opportunity.
Gender disparity gets worse further up the chain.
Men hold 62% of managerial positions Only 22% of C-suite executives are women, and only 4% are women of color White men represent just one third of the entry-level workforce in the US but represent more than two thirds of the C suite Removing bias can massively help! When the US Department of Agriculture began a blind hiring process – removing names from the resumes of candidates for two Senior Executive Services (SES) classes – the number of women in the SES at the department increased by 41%.
Equalizing access to resources such as leadership coaching supports a more diverse workforce Historically, the high cost meant that it was only provided for a few individuals; over 40% of companies that offer coaching provide it to 15 or fewer employees This generally gets “rationed” out to the C-suite Only 4% of employees receiving coaching were in non-managerial positions 80% of workers in a recent survey said that coaching boosted their communication skills, productivity and job satisfaction Gender and race disparity only gets worse up towards C suite level, but an open and easily accessible coaching solution, such as a coaching app, can help companies move in the right direction by ensuring that pathways to promotion are opened up for all employees, getting rid of unintentional biases.
Diversity and Inclusion is a vast and serious subject and a bit frustrating to talk about because we all have experienced some form of discrimination or harassment in a workplace environment
In our seminar you will learn to: A. Identify a few forms of discrimination or biases. B. We will also introduce strategies and methods on how to avoid implicit bias using 3 Tips. TIPS:
Increase your contact with the relevant group.
Blind Yourself or Avoid knowing a person ethnicity
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Source: Population and Societies. 2000 Sep; (360):1-4.
Abstract: Nearly 1 in every 100 deliveries is a twin birth. Triplet, quadruplet and higher order deliveries occur much more seldom — only once in 10,000 deliveries. Is the incidence of twin births the same everywhere in the world? Do twins grow up like other children? Do they have the same life expectancy? In 1999, out of 2.8 million twins born worldwide, nearly 1.1 million (41%) were born in Africa; 39% were born in Asia, 13% in America, 6% in Europe and 0.5% in Oceania. Yet Africa accounts for only 13% of the world’s population (767 million, out of 6 billion), whereas almost two thirds (61%) live in Asia, 14% in America and 12% in Europe. Two combined reasons explain why twin births are so much more frequent in Africa than elsewhere. In the first place, the African birth rate is twice to four times higher than the average birth rates of other continents: according to UN statistics, in 1999, the African birth rate reached 37 children per thousand inhabitants, compared with only 21 in Asia and 10 in Europe. (excerpt)
Wondering if you might have two or more passengers aboard your mothership? Multiple births are, in fact, multiplying at a fantastic rate these days: The number of twin births has jumped more than 75 percent in the past 30 years, with another recent study showing rates increased from 9.5 twins per 1,000 deliveries in 1975 to 16.9 per 1,000 in 2011.
What’s behind this multiple-baby boom? The surge in older moms has a lot to do with it, along with an increase in fertility treatments and the rise in obesity, say experts. Yet these are only a few of the factors behind twin births. With these incredible stats in mind, it’s not such a stretch to wonder if you might conceive more babies than you bargained for. Here are the overall odds of having twins, along with factors that could increase your chances.
A number of factors are at play when it comes to your chances of having fraternal twins. (Note that identical twins are rare and occur at random, so they’re even more of an exciting surprise!) Your chances of seeing double (or more) go up if:
You’ve been pregnant before. With each pregnancy, the odds that you’ll have twins go up a little, likely because with each pregnancy you’re a little bit older (which in itself ups the chances of having twins).
You’re undergoing (or underwent) fertility treatments.Although fertility treatments don’t come with as high a multiple rate as they used to, having any kind of assisted reproduction (especially the kind that stimulates ovulation) multiplies the chances of a multiple pregnancy. About 20 to 25 percent of women taking ovary-stimulating drugs or undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) will conceive twins or higher-order multiples.
You’re tall. Twins are more common in large and tall women than in small women (in an often-cited study, women who gave birth to twins were on average more than an inch taller than the average female, or 5 feet 5 inches vs. 5 feet 3 ¾ inches). Experts say it’s likely again because taller women have higher levels of IGF.
You’re African-American. Black women are slightly more likely than Caucasians to have twins. If you’re Asian or Hispanic, however, you’re a bit less likely than Caucasians to get two-for-one.
DOES HAVING MULTIPLE FACTORS MEAN I’M MORE LIKELY TO HAVE MULTIPLES?
If you have more than one of the above factors, your odds do increase slightly.
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